What is Periodontal Disease?


    The word “periodontal” literally means “around the tooth.”  Healthy gum tissue fits like a cuff around each tooth.  Where the gum meets the tooth, a slight “V” shaped crevice is formed, called a sulcus.  In healthy gums this sulcus is 3 millimeters deep or less.  In Periodontal Disease the harmful bacteria are not adequately or consistently removed from the gum and tooth surface through home care brushing and flossing.  These bacteria move into the sulcus and create pockets around the teeth.  Infected pockets are usually 4 millimeters or more in depth, they bleed, and there exists inflammation of the gums and surrounding tissue.  If this infection is left untreated it may lead to bone loss, gum recession and eventual tooth loss.

Periodontal Disease:  An infectious bacterial disease of the tissues that surround and support the teeth.

(813) 908-2444.  Enlow & Vance Dental Partners, 16654 North Dale Mabry Highway, Tampa, Florida 33618